Mixtape: Francophone Hip Hop and Political Consciousness

Hip-hop is at the forefront of political contestation in Francophone Africa, and has been for decades. Too-often unrecognized in the West, particularly in the Anglophone

mixtape project: drill in hip hop galsen

Rap in Senegal, known mainly as hip hop galsen, originates from the early period of rap’s arrival in Africa in the late 80’s and early

Daara J Family and “Tchékoulé”

Since bursting onto the scene in Senegal in 1997, Daara J has been a staple of the country’s prominent hip hop movement. Originally a trio

Akatsuki SN – “Drill Galsen”

“Drill Galsen” comes as the second song from Akatsuki SN, a new rap collective from Dakar, Senegal. So far, there is not much to be

Matador: From Thiaroye To the world, Civil society in Hip-Hop

Senegalese hip-hop has historically been on the front line of the civil society of the country’s political struggle against government corruption and repression. These artists

Omzo Dollar’s “La Signada”

Omzo Dollar first entered the rap scene in 2006 when a friend challenged him to a battle at school. Under the gaze of his comrades

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