Ruyoga Delves into Identity and Self Worth

By Max Bone


Ruyoga during a 2015 performance. Picture from

In his 2014 single titled Muhuliire? (Y’heard?), Ugandan hip-hop artist Ruyoga goes into depth on issues of identity and self-worth. He does so while simultaneously addressing some of the pressing topics in Uganda when the song was written in 2014.

Ruyoga opens the song by singing the words “Ugandan Ambassador, The New, Spokesman for Africa Future, International Black Figure- Seran dipped in Oil couldn’t wrap slicker.” While this phrase could be interpreted to have multiple meanings, it is evident that he is referring to either himself, or a different individual as being seen as a representative for Uganda on the international stage.

Ruyoga then continues the song by taking a dramatic turn in the topics of the lyrics by stating “Yeah, I’m saved now, Christ is my ad libber. Yet I’m still harder to serve than a bad tipper.” Here, Ruyoga begins to speak about his transformation to a Christian hip-hop artist. Yet, even after mentioning being “saved” by Christ, Ruyoga goes on to mention that he is “still harder to serve than a bad tipper.” In doing mentions both his origins and his current imperfection, the former being a central aspect of hip-hop and the latter being a cornerstone of born-again Christianity.

After mentioning the importance of his Christian faith, Ruyoga seemingly transitions to speaking of challenges he faces as a hip-hop artist. He states “My Global accent, I’m still getting locomotion. While others are causing friction or corrosion. I guess I’m rubbing off on them quicker than Cocoa lotion.” In short, Ruyoga speaks of individuals attempting to derail his success, and other challenges that comes with gaining global fandom as this emcee has done.

After repeating the chorus, which is in a mixture of English and the local language Buganda, Ruyoga directly addresses both his past and his fandom. He states, “Live in The Flesh, The Legend lives The Main Event, you can clap for me, Cause Everyone -Seems to have their own version of my Back story -It’s like they’re trying to make me larger than life- But ain’t a background that can make me larger than Christ.” In short, he is saying that despite his background he is now a servant of his faith, Christianity and that he is not a larger than life figure.

In a drastic turn from talking about his own meaning in life, Ruyoga goes on to speak about the desires that others in Uganda have. For instance, he states “everyone’s waiting to cash in on that Oil Money”, in reference to the oil exploration taking place in 2014 that citizens hoped would spur microeconomic growth in the country. Further, this can be seen as a direct criticism of the false hope some Ugandans placed in extraction of natural gasses from the country which  has yet to have any economic impact on the country.  

Ruyoga then goes on to mention hardships that some Ugandans face, and methodologies used to temporarily ease the suffering such as the consumption of liquor.  I essence, he compares his journey to finding meaning in life through his religion to other methodologies that he believes are faulty. Uniquely, this is the last verse before the conclusion of the song.

In short, in this In his 2014 single titled Muhuliire? (Y’heard?), Ugandan hip-hop artist Ruyoga speaks about his personal identity as a Christian emcee. Additionally, he compares his method of finding meaning in life through music to other methods. In conclusion, Ruyoga eloquently speaks about his personal journey and how it is given him meaning in life in a means that is relevant to many.

Watch the music video for this song here

Read more about the discovery and extraction of oil in Uganda here  

Max Bone is a student of African Studies at the George Washington University

Bobi Wine Criticizes the President of Uganda through Song

Image result for bobi wine parade
Bobi Wine parades through Kampala, the capital of Uganda. Photo from the Pearl Times

The President of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni is currently the fourth-longest serving president in sub-Saharan Africa, having been in power for over thirty years. While the beginning of his government saw stability, improved governance, and macroeconomic growth, there is growing domestic and international concern that the country is sliding backward.

The domestic concern about the status of Uganda under President Museveni is most visible amongst the youth of the country, all of whom have lived under no President other than Museveni. Throughout the 21st century this has manifested itself in street protests and other forms of organization and protests across the country and abroad. However, in 2017, the well-known hip-hop artist released a song by the name Freedom that explicitly lays out the grievances that many Ugandan’s feel towards president Museveni and his government.

The song commences with Bobi Wine saying “This is a message to the government, expressing what exactly is on the people’s minds.” In saying this, Wine makes it clear that his song is directed towards the government and will express the will of the general populous. Doing so in Uganda is somewhat taboo, as in the country political freedoms are next to none and speaking out against the government comes with dire consequences.

At the outset of the song, Wine directly notes Museveni’s main claim to legitimacy, the fact that he fought a bush war to remove former dictator Idi Amin from power. He does this by stating “We do not disagree you fought a bush war.” He goes on to note that there are individuals who were unborn at the time Museveni became president who are now parents. Throughout the beginning of the song, Wine directly confronts Museveni on multiple fronts regarding the growing discount Ugandans feel towards him and the government as a whole. Specifically, he underlines the fact that while the country may have seen improvements at the beginning of Museveni’s rule, they are now obsolete or have slid backwards.

Wine then goes into the chorus of his song in which he says “We are fighting for Freedom”, and goes on to list many cities and towns across the country. In doing so, he makes it clear that Ugandans across the country are taking a stand against what he sees as the oppressive rule of Museveni. Wine then goes on to state several profound claims that call out the current leadership of Uganda, but resonate with youth living across the entirety of sub-Saharan Africa.

In short, the song Freedom by Bobi Wine directly calls out the government of Uganda for its responsibility in the backsliding the country has seen in recent years. Specifically, the song notes that the president of the country, Yoweri Museveni has overstayed his welcome and that change must come. Notably, while this song directly refers to the happenings of Uganda, it easily resonates with those living under oppressive government across Africa, and the globe.

R. Maxwell Bone is a student of African Studies and International Politics based in Washington, D.C. He can be found on Twitter @maxbone55